International Peace Cooperation Assignment in Cambodia


Kingdom of Cambodia

Capital:Phnom Penh

The United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia ( UNTAC ) was a major UN peacekeeping operation carried out with the participation of various UN member states. At UNTAC 's request, Japan provided cease-fire monitors, election observers, and civilian police officers, as well as logistical support, such as the repair of roads and bridges.

Cease-fire Monitors

Inspecting the load on a truck at a border observation post(IMG)

Inspecting the load on a truck
at a border observation post

Japan dispatched 16 SDF personnel to UNTAC as cease-fire monitors. Eight were sent from September 1992 to March 1993, and a second contingent of eight was sent from March to September 1993. They conducted their duties in teams with peacekeepers from other countries. Their mission was to supervise billets storing weapons collected from disarmed soldiers, to monitor the cease-fire, and to be on the lookout for infiltration by other forces and smuggling of weapons and ammunition.

Election Personnel

Checking for irregularities(IMG)

Checking for irregularities

Japan sent 5 national government officials, 13 local government officials, and 23 individuals from the private sector to UNTAC from May 23 to 28, 1993, to support the Constituent Assembly elections required to enact a constitution. Lodging at schools, temples, and other locations during the election period, the election observers supervised and observed the fair execution of the elections. In addition, from May 29 to June 1 they observed vote counting around the clock at election offices in Takeo and Phnom Penh.

Civilian Police

Japanese police officers on patrol(IMG)

Japanese police officers on

Japan dispatched 75 civilian police officers to UNTAC from October 1992 to July 1993 to advise and supervise the Cambodian police force. They were assigned to provincial and local police stations set up by UNTAC , where they investigated and supervised police activities to ensure fairness and neutrality and gave guidance and advice to local police investigating criminal cases. Their wide-ranging duties also included providing guidance in the control of rush-hour traffic in large cities.

Engineer Units

Repairing National Route 3(IMG)

Repairing National Route 3

Japan sent two 600-member engineer units of the Ground Self-Defense Force to UNTAC . The first unit remained in Cambodia from September 1992 to April 1993, the second from March to September 1993. Their mission was to reconstruct roads and bridges on National Roads Route 2 and 3, which had been damaged during the internal conflict, and they also performed a wide range of other duties. At the request of UNTAC their mission was expanded to include providing UNTAC with water, fuel, food, medical services, and lodging facilities. They also transported and stored supplies.

Maritime and Air Self-Defense Forces Support

The maritime transport and supply unit dispatched to Cambodia comprised two transport ships and one supply ship from the Maritime Self-Defense Force. It was mobilized when SDF units and other personnel were dispatched to Cambodia. The maritime unit provided food, lodging, and sea transport for SDF engineer units, as well as transport of their equipment. The Air Self-Defense Force provided six C-130H transport planes to transport SDF engineer units and their vehicles. The planes were also used for weekly flights for about a year to airlift supplies and other materials to the engineer units.

Outline of UNTAC

Deployment of Cease-fire Monitors and Civilian Police (Final Postings)

Distribution of Cease-fire Observers and Civilian Police (Final Postings)(img)

Deployment of Engineer Units

Distribution of Engineer Units(img)

Deployment of Election Personnel (Takeo Province)

Distribution of Electoral Observers (Takeo Province) (img)