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International Peace Cooperation Assignment in South Sudan

(As of September 2015)

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Republic of South Sudan

Capital: Juba

Japan-South Sudan Relations (go to the site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan)Open new window
FAQ on Japan's International Peace Cooperation Assignment in South Sudan

In 1983, Sudan witnessed armed conflict between the Sudanese government in the north, which sought a nation based on Arab nationalism, and anti-government forces led by Christians in the south. This armed conflict lasted for more than two decades. Thanks to mediation efforts by East African countries, the United States and others, the conflict was finally brought to an end with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement ( CPA ) in January 2005.

In March 2005, the United Nations established the United Nations Mission in Sudan ( UNMIS ) on the basis of Security Council Resolution 1590. Its mandate was to support the implementation of the CPA , and to facilitate and coordinate the repatriation of refugees and internally displaced persons ( IDP s).

On October 3, 2008, based on the International Peace Cooperation Law, the Japanese Cabinet approved the decision to carry out international peace cooperation activities in Sudan, thus allowing Japan to proactively provide personnel to help stabilize the situation in Sudan. Japan dispatched two staff officers to the UNMIS headquarters from October 2008 to September 2011.

In January 2011, a referendum on the secession of Southern Sudan was held, and the result showed 99% voters' support for secession. The Government of Sudan issued a presidential decree that accepted the result.

On July 8, the Security Council adopted Resolution 1996 that authorized the establishment of the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan ( UNMISS ), whose mandate is support for peace consolidation and thereby fostering longer-term nationbuilding and economic development. On the following day, Southern Sudan became independent as South Sudan, and UNMISS was set up. UNMIS accordingly ceased its operation.Currently, Japanese staff officers and the engineering unit are dispatched to UNMISS including its headquarters.

Engineering Unit

On December 20, 2011, the Japanese Cabinet decided to dispatch a SDF (Self-Defense Forces) engineering unit. Since 2012, the engineering unit has been engaged in constructing roads and other infrastructure projects in and around Juba.

In response to the request to Japan by UNMISS to extend areas of engagement by the Japanese engineering unit, Japan has conducted an assessment, and as a result, Minister of Defense gave an order in May 2013, to extend the area of engagement by the Japanese SDF engineering unit to Eastern and Western Equatoria states located in southern part of South Sudan, in addition to in and around Juba, with a view to further contributing to the nation-building of South Sudan and to deepen its cooperation toward UNMISS.  In order to respond fully to the extension of areas of engagement, the Japanese Cabinet decided to increase the number of personnel and equipment of the engineering unit in its meeting on October 15, 2013. Meanwhile, as SCR2155 adopted on May 27, 2014 underscored that the primary mandate of UNMISS would be protection of civilians, engineering tasks which contribute to achieving such mandate have been given a priority, and therefore, the engineering unit has currently been engaged in such tasks in Juba.

Since August 2012, the engineering unit has cooperated with two Australian defense personnel deployed to UNMISS to facilitate communication and cooperation with related organizations including the UN .

On-Site Reports from Australian Peacekeepers:

Negotiating with a quarrier at the camp construction site(img)

Negotiating with a quarrier
at the camp construction site

SDF personnel setting up the Japanese camp(img)

 SDF personnel setting up the Japanese camp

A hydraulic excavator arrived at Juba(img)

A hydraulic excavator arrived at Juba

SDF personnel loading equipment onto a UN trailer(img)

 SDF personnel loading equipment onto a UN trailer

Examining water quality(img)

Examining water quality

Giving a memorial to a local representative at a ground-breaking ceremony(img)

Giving a memorial to a local representative
at a ground-breaking ceremony

Staff Officers

UNMISS headquarters(img)

 UNMISS headquarters

In response to UN 's expectations of Japan's cooperation in UNMISS , the Japanese Cabinet, in its meeting on November 15, 2011, decided to dispatch two Self-Defense Force ( SDF ) personnel to South Sudan as UNMISS Staff Officers (Logistics Officer and Database Officer).

In addition, it was decided on December 20, 2011 that Japan would dispatch another Staff Officer (Engineering Officer), and another Staff Officer (Air Operation Officer) on October 21, 2014.

(1) Logistics Officer: in charge of dealing with logistical needs in general within the UNMISS military sector
(2) Database Officer: in charge of managing databases
(3) Engineering Officer: in charge of planning and coordination of engineering work
(4) Air Operation Officer: in charge of planning and coordination for support of aircraft operations

On-Site Reports from Our Peacekeepers:

Liaison and Coordination Personnel

To enable the Japanese UNMISS staff officers and SDF troops to carry out their duties smoothly and effectively, liaison and coordination personnel have been dispatched to Juba to liaise and coordinate with relevant organizations on the ground.

On-Site Reports from Our Peacekeepers:

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